Did you know that termites cause more damage to houses than floods, fires and hurricanes put together in Australia each year? Termites are very active in Australia and your hiome is at risk.
We offer Pre-purchase Termite inspections and Termite eradication
FAQs about Termites
How do Termites Invade Your Home?
Subterranean termites are the most destructive pests in Australia. Most species operate from a central colony which is usually beneath the surface of the soil. In their quest for food termites will often build galleries from the ground over ant cappings and along pipes.
Sometimes the galleries are even free standing to reach above ground food sources. to gain access to structural timbers termites will also penetrate concrete slabs or piers by following minute cracks and flaws.
Once the foundations have been breached the termites can attack any part of the building (often undetected by the in-experienced) inside wall cavities in the under floor or in the ceiling areas.
Why are Termite Inspections Important?
You may have termites and not even know it. From a hidden underground nest a million termites could be secretly eating the insides of your home leaving you with an empty shell. The fact is that many homes are difficult to inspect. To inspect for timber pests good access to all timbers is needed. Since this is rarely available you need a professional, someone who in addition to advising on the status of the property informs clients of areas that can’t be inspected and the potential risk of this.
A Tony’s Termites and Pest Control technician will also give relevant information on conditions that are conducive to timber pest attack and how to protect the property. The Tony’s Termite and Pest Control report format has been approved by a panel of specialist pest control experts and technicians that are certified to carry out reports to the Australian Standards. This means you can have peace of mind that all relevant aspects of the property are being reported on by a qualified professional, with all pertinent information being provided.
Every one has heard horror stories of houses falling down from damage caused by timber pests in fact termites cause up to $100 Million dollars worth of damage to properties in Australia each year. Termites, borers and wood decay fungi can severely damage a property. We have seen some repairs require up to $100,000 in repair costs. A thorough inspection and a detailed report by a professional makes a lot of sense.
Biology of the Termite
Termites have very thin cuticles and are therefore susceptible to the outside extremities They spend most of their lives in the high humidity and temperature conditions within their workings and colony. The relative humidity in a colony is approximately 100%.
Termites will explore outside when the humidity is similar of that within their workings, only then is it safe to do so. It is for this reason that termites will avoid coming into contact with the outside environment, often concealing their activity or building galleries to access food sources that would normally require them to reveal themselves.
Termites exist in a colony in several forms or castes, each of which has particular structures and functions related to the survival and maintenance of the colony.
The main purpose of the Queen is to reproduce in the early beginning of the colony. The Queen tends her young together with the King until her workers are numerous enough to take over the duty. Some Queens can live as long as 20 years and are fertilised at intervals by the King during this period. In some species of termites the abdomen of the Queen becomes distended, a condition called Physogastry (swelling of the abdomen with eggs).
The King fertilizes the Queen at intervals, and similarly to the Queen is cared for by the workers. The King is usually located in the royal chamber of the colony near the Queen. He can be distinguished by smaller mandibles and a darker shading across the abdomen, thorax and head.
The worker may number in their millions. Workers are blind and are responsible for the damage to many homes across Australia every year.
There are many duties that the workers are responsible for, these are; gathering food, feeding the young, repairing the damage, tending and feeding the royal couple.
Workers are white, this is mainly due to their thin cuticle.
The Soldier termites are the protectors of the colony, they are identified by their larger orange or brown heads. The mandibles of the soldier termite are also large.
Soldiers similarly to the worker castes are females and males that have not developed their sexual characteristics, and they are white due to their lack of cuticle. soldiers are often seen in numerous quantities with the worker castes.
The Reproductive’s or Alates
These are the castes with which have fully developed their sexual characteristics, the future Kings and Queens of another colony. The Alates have fully developed outer cuticles which means that unlike the under developed worker and soldier castes they can resist the outside environment.
The Alate can be identified by full wings that are longer than the body as well as darker colouration along the head, thorax and abdomen. Reproductive’s can be chosen to carry on the colony if the present Queen or King is dying or degenerated, then they become Neotecnics or Substitute Reproductive’s.
Not all colonies have an actual worker caste, in primitive species the Nymph or undeveloped termite act as the worker, these will do the duties of the worker until the last stage of growth in which will determine if they are soldiers or reproductive’s.